History of Lebanon
The City of Lebanon (just a town then) was founded in 1761 and was settled later that year. It became a "City" in 1957. The City’s Charter was adopted by the State Legislature and signed by Governor Lane Dwinell on July 17th. The Charter, a document granting certain specified rights, powers, privileges, or functions from the sovereign power of a state to an individual, corporation, city or other unit of local organization, was set for referendum, and on October 15th, by a vote of 1521 - 805, The Town of Lebanon became the City of Lebanon. Lebanon was chartered as a City Council/City Manager form of government. The first City Council elections were held on December 10th, and the first Council was seated in January 1958.
It's location at the confluence of the Connecticut River and the Mascoma River made it a prime location for the transport of resources and provided an easy energy resource for running mills.
The region has a rich history in textile manufacture and was still heavily reliant on the textile industry as recently as 40 years ago. The evolution of the railroads running up and down the river, as well as to Boston helped to solidify Lebanon's success in the textiles industry.
As the textile industry came under attack from foreign imports and other economic changes, the mills closed and the nature of the region changed. Lebanon began recruiting and attracting clean, high-technology industry to replace the failing mills and railroads. As a result, we are now home to software companies, high-tech manufacturers, and Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center. We are also home to the most technologically advanced plasma cutting technology companies in the world.
Our close proximity to Dartmouth College and the Tuck School of Business Administration and Thayer School of Engineering has helped to create a fast moving, leading-edge environment for entrepreneurs. Many of the companies that call Lebanon home were cast out of the crucible of the Dartmouth community.
Our location at a crossroads (Interstates 91 and 89) and easy access by rail and air continue to be a vital element in the continuing evolution of Lebanon. View the Amtrak website for details on traveling by rail and view the Lebanon Airport page for details about traveling by air to and from Lebanon.